(Assembled from disclosures made by space people in various communications.)
We have seen that the gradient of spin has the characteristic of one over a velocity; also that the ponderability of matter multiplied by the spin gradient gives mass. It is not too difficult to conceive of configurations of spin centers that will produce extensive regions of reduced spin gradient. In these regions the apparent spin velocities become high, but since the physical distances involved remain unchanged, and spin velocity is constant, the effect is a decrease in the tempic field. In other words, holes are formed in the background of the tempic field, i.e., there is to all intents and purposes negative spin introduced. Surrounding these holes there will be represent all the characteristics of new, but negative, spin centers with their attendant fields superimposed on the fields of the original spin centers that produced the holes.
In a matrix of a large number of spin centers all oriented in the same direction, it is easy to see that there will be very nearly the same number of holes formed in the spaces between them. In the microscopic sense the gradients balance and the entire mass is stable. In the case of a large number of randomly oriented spin centers only a few will produce real holes, with the remainder producing "virtual" holes. These virtual holes are none the less real even though they lie in effect "outside" the spin centers responsible for their existence.
If we look at a pair of spin centers that are oriented in the same direction, we find a hole developing between them, and a "shell" of increased spin developing around them. On the other hand, if they are oriented in the opposite direction, a region of increased spin develops between them and a shell of reduced spin
Here we must be careful to maintain a clear concept of what is going on. The scalar aspect of spin is its absolute reality and is either present or absent. It has no fixed direction or polarity. It adds up arithmetically to produce the total amount of reality present. The distribution of spin, however, is a function of relative position and its derivative, the gradient of spin, also has direction in that it is a scalar quantity measured in a certain direction. In the foregoing, the basic spin units remain unaltered by the presence or absence of other spin units, but the field structure associated with them is altered by the presence of other spin centers.
Where holes develop, there is no change in the absolute quantity of spin present, only a redistribution; a conversion of some spin from positive to negative, super-imposed on the background of positive spin.
We may ask what the difference is between a real and a virtual hole. A real hole develops in "polarized" matter where the gradient of spin is reduced in the space between the spin centers and increased in the region surrounding the spin centers. Consequently, since the ponderability of matter is proportional to the reciprocal of the spin gradient, such polarized matter loses ponderability while still retaining reality (mass) with respect to all outside consideration. A virtual hole develops in unpolarized matter and may have almost any distribution from a real hole to a completely virtual hole as in the case of opposite spin orientation. The one feature in common is that of increasing the ponderability of matter with respect to outside considerations.
Where there are available large numbers of randomly oriented spin centers patterns of real and virtual holes can develop, which when taken together with patterns resulting from other field considerations give rise to the structure of matter as we know it.